No one probably can imagine Christmas without a Christmas tree. Even if it is not in the traditional form of a living tree hung with ornaments and lights. 
The tradition of the Christmas tree came to Eastern Europe only by the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, and was brought from Germany. Initially, decorating the Christmas tree took up only in the cities. In the country, the folk decoration dominated for long time. This was with a branch cut off from a pine, spruce or fir tree and hung from the ceiling. The branch had decorations which later transferred to the Christmas tree.

Decorating the tree got adopted in Catholic homes but did not get immediately approved by the Church. This tradition existed with the pagans and the nature of magic ritual was designed to provide people with security, prosperity, health and happiness. The decorations were a kind of talisman for home and meant to protect from evil spirits.
Traditionally, pine or fir were used for the Christmas tree. According to folk belief tree, especially conifers, was considered a symbol of life, rebirth and fertility.  The green color of the tree represents vitality and the birth of life.

Christmas tree decoration has never been accidental. Formerly, people hung on the tree biscuits, nuts, apples, ornaments made of paper or straw. Candles were placed on the twigs.
Some of these decorations are hung on trees till today. Each element has its own symbolism:

  • Apples: to ensure the health and beauty
  • Nuts: wrapped in aluminum foil bring prosperity and strength
  • Chains: strengthen family ties
  • Lights: the light defending against darkness and evil
  • Star of Bethlehem: to assist in the return of the house
  • Bells: means good tidings and joy

Contemporary Christmas decorations are not so symbolic. In general, we hang on the tree glass balls, colorful and shiny chains, electric lights, although there are also those traditional elements - the star of Bethlehem, chains, nuts, or candy - as once biscuits and gingerbread. Electric lights that replaced candles are also a continuation of this tradition.
Greater importance in the Christmas ornaments has now the color. We associate specific colors with Christmas - red, green, white, or gold and silver. Modern traditional decorations are still in these colors, although increasingly expanding range of colors, to for example, purple, brown, blue. Also important is the fashion, now taking over symbolism - but the very fact of dressing the Christmas tree is still one of the most important elements of Christmas.